What You Need To Know About Alcohol Detox Programs In Indiana
Alcohol is the most commonly used and abused substance throughout the United States and excessive consumption can affect the health and well-being of those using it. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant and can impact an individual in as little as 10 minutes. In small amounts, alcohol is typically not a health concern, but regular and excessive consumption can have immediate and long-term effects. Short-term effects of alcohol include mood changes, impaired coordination, and slurred speech. In large amounts, alcohol consumption can cause breathing problems, coma, or death. Regular consumption for long periods of time can impact liver, pancreas, and heart health as well as increase the risk for certain types of cancer. In addition to affecting users, alcohol can also affect those around them through violence, alcohol-related driving accidents, and risks to an unborn infant. The effects of alcohol may vary depending on the individual’s age, family history of alcohol use, and the frequency of consumption.
Excessive use of alcohol and drugs has been linked to increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular conditions; injuries and motor vehicle crashes; sexually transmitted and blood-borne illnesses, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C, resulting from risky sexual behaviors and/or injection drug use; pregnancy complications and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS); and drug overdoses. Additionally, substance use can lead to harmful social and legal consequences, such as family disruptions, financial problems, lost productivity, and failure in school or at work, domestic violence, child abuse, and crime. The National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimates that the total cost of substance abuse in the nation, including costs related to lost productivity, health, and crime, exceed $700 billion annually.
Discerning between alcohol use and abuse is difficult because there’s no law criminalizing the use of alcohol. A large number of alcoholics do not have the substance interfering with their basic life functions hence they’re referred to as high functioning alcoholics. Alcohol use and abuse are often seen in conjunction with the use and abuse of other substances.